The Importance of Dermatology in NEET PG
Dermatology is a Basic Minor Branch. It should not be considered Unimportant. In NEET PG Now each Mark Counts. No subject can be taken Lightly.
Unfortunately, some students take it non seriously. They don’t get much time to study it. The skin disease is often considered the domain of the dermatologist who is generally trained in a manner similar to, and with a philosophy similar to, that of specialists in internal medicine. It is often forgotten that about 10-20% of the patients that a general practitioner sees in his clinic are skin conditions.
Dermatology is not confined but questions from medicine can also be asked from this branch. Many systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, amyloidosis, and lupus erythematosus, may also affect the skin. In addition, a significant amount of surgery relates to skin conditions.
But our experts take all factors into consideration. It has been seen that toppers take a good strategy to prepare for NEET and prepare in a time-friendly fashion covering all subjects.
The NEET PG / NEXT Aspirant students are expected to Focus on:
- Basics of the normal histology, physiology, and biochemistry of the integumentary system.
- Common conditions as scabies, pediculosis, bacterial, viral and fungal diseases of the skin
- Common malignant tumors of the skin
- Common microbiologic agents causing skin infections
- Cutaneous receptors for different superficial sensations,
- Differences between solutions, lotions, creams, ointments, and the various aspects of absorption of these topical agents through the skin of various regions in the body.
- Different tools of examination of skin lesions.
- Identify and differentiate between the primary and secondary skin lesions when shown to them through models, photographs, CD-ROMs, or posters and list common diseases that cause such lesions.
- Know the etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical features of some common inflammatory, infectious, preneoplastic, and neoplastic skin diseases with emphasis on the correlation between histopathologic changes and the clinical manifestations.
- Loss of fluid from the skin due to burns, blistering diseases, or eczematous reactions.
- Mechanism of immune-mediated skin conditions like contact dermatitis and blistering disorders like pemphigus Vulgaris and bullous pemphigoid in particular.
- Mechanisms by which common drug eruptions are produced.
- Pathogenesis of commonly involved microbes and viruses affecting the skin.
- Process and alterations leading to pathological conditions producing a set of clinical lesions and signs and symptoms of some of the common skin diseases.
- Signs of malignant tumors of the skin, as well the signs of malignant change in skin lesions and ulcers on visual aids such as models, clinical photographs, photomicrographs, and/or histopathologic sections.
- Skin wounds, ulcers, and cancers Role of the skin in the innate and acquired immune system.
- Systematic and topical pharmacologic agents / New drugs used in treating skin disorders.
- Topical and systemic treatment modalities used in such conditions, the side effects of these as well as the side effects of other drugs used for diseases of other organs of the body.
- Various types of wounds of the skin eg lacerations, abrasions, contusions
- Different kinds of minor procedures used for diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases.
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Example A NEET PG student must be able to:
SKIN Histology/ Histopathology/ Dermatopathology
- List the layers of the epidermis.
- List the epidermal appendages like pilosebaceous units and sweat
- List and describe layers of the dermis and the arrangement of vascular plexuses and be able to list the neural structures like Pacinian and Meissner’s corpuscles and relate them to the sensations they detect.
- List the structures seen in the hypodermis.
- Identify and point out the structures helpful in identifying skin from various regions when shown histologic sections, photomicrographs, etc. of skin from various regions of the body.
- List the functions of the different layers of the skin and of the skin and adipose tissue as a composite organ (the largest organ in the body), as a protection against mechanical trauma, and as an impermeable barrier that prevents fluid and electrolyte loss.
Examples of Question types
Palpable purpura is seen in all the following conditions except :
(A) Giant Cell Arteries
(C) Henoch scholein purpura
(D) Drug-induced vasculitis
Regarding Lichen Planus all are true, except :
(A) Hypopigmentation in residual disease
(B) Lymphatic infiltration in supradermal layer
(C) Itchy polygonal, purple Papule
(D) Skin, hair and oral mucosa commonly involved
Regarding Erythema Multiforme, all are true except :
(A) No vesicles
(B) Target lesions are seen
(C) Involves face and neck regions
(D) Is a sign of internal malignancy
All of the following are seen in Tuberous Sclerosis, except:
(A) Iris Nodule
(B) Renal Cortical Cyst
(C) Rhabdomyoma of heart and lung
(D) Adenoma Sebaceum
All are true regarding Psoriasis, except :
(A) Head, neck, and face are not involved
(B) Arthritis is seen in 5% of cases
(C) An abscess is seen in lesions
(D) Non-scaly, red lesions are seen in the inframammary and natal regions.
We hope that you take all branches seriously as far as studies are concerned. Our online tests are desired to be there for your speedy preparation.
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