NEET MCh Head and Neck Surgery
Surgery is tough. Head and Neck surgery Tougher. It seems so. But the reality is that if studied properly and with interest along with proper guidance, the path can be smoother.
Recent examinations of NEET SS especially MCh are now online. They test students on multiple aspects. NEET MS Aspirants should be well aware of what to read and what to focus on. Surgeons have a paucity of time at their disposal.
Regarding studying for NEET MCh Students efforts should be well strategized, Concise, updated with special emphasis on recently asked, frequently asked and important topics which are m backbone of any preparation.
The continuous practice of Online questions along with text should be advised in a manner that the prime focus for students to go through the most important points and recapitulating the high yield points at the end is important for any examination and special focus for the same has been given for the benefit of the students.
Toppers and Experts recommend some topics to be studied at length. What are these topics? They are mentioned below.
Topics to be studied at length
- Posterior aspect of the head and neck.
- Boundaries and contents of posterior and suboccipital triangles
- The root of the neck
- Muscles in the back of the neck
- The atlanto occipital & atlanto axial joints.
- The tempro mandibular joint, hyoid bone
- Medial surface of a sagittal section in the head and neck
- The nasal septum
- The tongue
- The palate, lateral aspects of the interior of the larynx and pharynx
- Lateral wall of the nose
- Medial surface of a sagittal section in the head and neck dissected to clarify the openings of the lateral wall of the nose as well as the pterygopalatine ganglion and its branches
- Cranial cavity dissected to demonstrate the passages of cranial nerves through the skull foramina.
- Development of Face
- Development of Pharyngeal Apparatus
- Development of Tongue
- Development of Thymus
- Development of Thyroid
- Abnormalities in Development of Face
- Abnormalities in Development of Pharyngeal Apparatus
- Abnormalities in Development of Tongue
- Abnormalities in Development of Thymus
- Abnormalities in Development of Thyroid
- Cleft Lip
- Cleidocranial dysostosis
- Cleft Palate
- Skull abnormalities like Plagiocephaly
- Defects in ossification
From General Topics of Head and Neck
- Nasal polyposis
- Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- Occipital Artery.
- Parapharyngeal space
- Parotid Infection
- Pataus Syndrome
- Pierre Robinson Syndrome
- Radiotherapy in head and neck cancers
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy
- Retropharyngeal space
- Sphenopalatine foramen
- Subaponeurotic collection of blood
- Submandibular space
- Submental Space
- Superior Saggital Sinus
- Treacher Collins Syndrome
- Trench Mouth
- Turners Syndrome
- Cranial nerves IX
- Cranial nerves X
- Cranial nerves XI
- Cranial nerves XII
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Example of Question with Explanation
Q. Superior Hypophyseal artery is a branch of:
- Subclavian artery
- Intercostal artery
- Internal carotid artery
- Thyrocervical trunk
Ans C Internal carotid artery
The Branches of Internal carotid artery are
- Pterygoid branch.
- Cavernous branches to trigeminal ganglion
- Superior hypophyseal
- Inferior hypophyseal.
- Anterior cerebral
- Middle cerebral
- Posterior communicating
- Anterior choroidal
Q. Blood Supply of Esophagus is by all except
- Superior thyroid artery
- Thyrocervical trunk
- Superior suprarenal arteries
- Inferior Phrenic
Ans 3 Superior suprarenal arteries
Blood Supply of Esophagus is by The cervical esophagus receives blood from the superior thyroid artery as well as the inferior thyroid artery of the thyrocervical trunk, The major blood supply of the intrathoracic esophagus is from four to six aortic esophageal arteries, supplemented by collateral vessels with the inferior thyroid, intercostal and bronchial, inferior phrenic, and left gastric arteries.
Q. Angiofibroma is a tumor of
- Old age
Ans C Young
Named Juvenile Angiofibroma as it is seen in the young age group.
- Is the commonest benign tumor of the nasopharynx.
- Presents as a pinkish mass in the nasopharynx.
- Arises just in relation to sphenopalatine foramen.
- A biopsy is contraindicated.
- Hollman miller sign or Antral sign-on radiography is positive.
- Digital subtraction angiography is diagnostic.
- These highly vascular tumors arise in the nasopharynx near the sphenopalatine foramen typically in adolescent males. They can cause conductive deafness and serous otitis media with frog face deformity and cheek swelling,
- Initially, they cause nasal obstruction and hemorrhage.
- Although benign, yet these tumors expand locally from the nasopharynx to involve the nasal cavity, the sphenoid and other paranasal sinuses, the clivus, and the intracranial structures.
- Surgery is the treatment of choice.
- Endoscopic nasal excision is done now.
The idea is to give NEET Mch Aspirants a clue to what is asked. What sort of questions to be asked. The knowledge of Basic Anatomy and surgery is very important. Pathology, Genetics, Associations, Age groups, General concepts are important. Not only treatment and Surgical Techniques are asked.
This is the way to prepare. Take High yield points into consideration. Good merit is important. We wish you good luck. To Subscribe Click here