One of the most favorite and south out branches is Gastroenterology. It has got the maximum number of seats among the Dm subjects across India and is also one of the most liked by MD Students.
DM endocrinology is liked as a branch by many DM Aspirants.
The Hepatology is also upcoming and many students opt for Hepatology as a career now but the number of seats is less as compared to gastroenterology.
DM Gastro has got a good future ahead and more and more seats are added each year.
Like all DM Examinations, DM Gastroenterology exams are now conducted by NBE as online examinations. The Exams are quite different from earlier examinations. Lots of modifications have come into DM Exams with more conceptual questions asked, better standard and covering diverse features like physiological concepts, pathological concepts, pharmacological concepts , genetics , revised treatment protocols and all latest developments in the field of gastroenterology and Hepatology.
The MD Students need to be updated to the best. DM Examination Preparation needs to be the best, focused, intense and thorough.
Use of Standard Online Programmes focus on recently asked topics and very important topics and also some rarities.
A student is better advised to consult Standard Text, study Latest Questions, repeated topics, and high yield topics.
Hot Topics included in Gastroenterology and Hepatology Lately :
- Acidophil bodies
- Ballooning change of hepatocytes
- Bile acid
- Bile salt
- Carcinoma head of pancreas
- Carcinoma of gall bladder
- Cholesterol metabolism
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Duodenal ulcers
- Fat synthesis
- Focal or spotty necrosis
- Glucose uptake
- Glycogen synthesis
- Ground glass hepatocytes
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- Insulin metabolism
- Meisner plexus cells
- Mucous secreting glands
- Peripheral neuroectodermal tumour
- Protein synthesis
- Tumour markers including AFP.
- Tumour markers including CEA.
- Tumour markers including LDH.
- Xanthogranulomatous cholecysitis
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Types of Questions asked lately in DM Gastroenterology and Hepatology :
A 55 -year-old man is admitted to the burns unit with 40% burns to the body. He is sedated, given opioid analgesia and started on prophylactic antibiotics in addition to vigorous fluid resuscitation and dressings. The following day he has several episodes of haematemesis. FBC: Hb 9.0 g/dl, WCC 16. x 109/l, Platelets 400 x 109/l; INR:1.0 . What is the most likely diagnosis?
The Vessel Marked below in the figure is derived from
- Neural Crest
A 45 year old patient was admitted with haematemesis. Ranitidine had previously failed to control symptoms and she is presently taking omeprazole 40mg. Endoscopy shows a large 2cm actively bleeding ulcer in the duodenum. CT scanning shows a 2cm mass in the pancreas.
What is the most likely diagnosis?
The Figure below represents slide of :
- Anal Canal
A 35 year old man was brought into the Critical care unit following several episodes of vomiting fresh blood. The patient is drowsy and little further history is available. Investigation: FBC: Hb 7.8 g/dl, MCV 100 fl, Platelet 167 x 109/l WCC 10.7 x 109/l; INR 2.1. What is the most likely diagnosis?
The Below Scan is indicative of which disease entity:
- Liver Cyst
- Capsular Hemorrhage
- Hepatic secondaries
A 60 -year-old Patient is admitted to hospital with pneumonia. She receives intravenous amoxicillin and cefuroxime. Rectal examination reveals an empty rectum. She has frequent episodes of loose motions. What is the most likely diagnosis?
It should be noted that Competition is tough especially in gastroenterology and is still increasing in this branch. We recommend Dm gastro and Hepatology aspirants to start well in advance and be updated with all changes in the examination pattern.
Having been a part of DM exams ourselves we share our experience here for the benefit of future aspirants.
For Admissions in different Medical courses.