Dermatology NEET PG and MRCP UK
Some Topics and Diseases are Examiners Favorites. They tend to be high on Examiners List. Some Examiners are consistent with asking Certain Questions. Repetitions from past exams are common.
Dermatology is an important NEET PG Subject. Most students don’t fare well as it is some sort of Superspeciality and Students don’t get much time in their Rotations to get a good chance to see Patients.
Our Experts expect some common and High Yield frequently asked NEET PG Topics from Dermatology. We hope that that you as NEET PG Aspirants wanting good ranks for your Examinations be it NEET PG, AIIMS PG or FMGE.
Expect a few questions from the below topics. The main focus of this article for students is to go through the topic with a high degree of concentration and to remember all points asked in relation to these diseases.
Psoriasis: is an epidermal proliferative disease. The lesions appear as erythematous papules and plaques surmounted by silvery, thick scales. Pitting, oil drop sign and Onycholysis can also occur.
Removal of plaques may result in pinpoint bleeding (Auspitz sign). Pathology reveals hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis and suprapappilary thinning of the skin and micromunro abscesses
Nikolsky’s sign demonstrates disadherence of the epidermal cells to one another. Pushing, rubbing, or rotating normal skin near bullous lesions causes the epidermis to be dislodged, leaving a moist, glistening defect. This sign is present in various forms of pemphigus and in toxic epidermal necrolysis.
is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, The features are in the form of The facial papules of adenoma sebaceum are angiofibromas, The cerebral hemispheres contain multiple hamartomas in addition to retinal hamartomas. Visceral lesions may include multiple rhabdomyomas of the heart, multiple angiomyolipomas of the kidneys, and cystic lesions of the lungs.
is characterized by an abnormal and excessive increase in the number of mast cells. Gastrointestinal tract involvement may produce diarrhea and steatorrhea. Intense flushing, pruritis, and diahorrea are common. Somatic mutations of the kit may be noted.
Hepatosplenomegaly as a result of mast cell infiltrates may occur along with Abnormalities in the peripheral blood, such as anemia, leukocytosis, and eosinophilia.
is the reaction in the skin and mucous membranes often mediated by circulating immune complexes that are a response to a number of factors like following infections, some drugs. Here the skin reaction is characterized by a variety of lesions, namely, erythematous plaques, blisters, and target or bull’s-eye lesions.
The lesions may be confined to the oral cavity with no dermal involvement. It presents with irregularly shaped ulcers that can be small and few or involve large areas of the mucosa. Multiple lesions in the form of macules, papules, vesicles, and bullae, with areas having targetoid lesions, are a feature especially after the ingestion of drugs or after an illness. A major variant of this disease is Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
The mucous membranes of the mouth and eye may also be involved, and in severe cases, this is referred to as Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Target lesions are seen In Stevens-Johnson syndrome the skin disease is more severe with widespread blisters and painful erosions in the mouth and eyes.
Herpes zoster: Also known as Shingles is a Dermatomal cutaneous infection caused by reactivation of the VZV that normally lies latent in sensory ganglia. It characteristically affects intercostal nerves and is mostly unilateral and especially common in Immunocompromised. Valacyclovir is the prodrug of acyclovir.
Plasma concentrations achieved with oral valacyclovir are high. Controlled clinical studies indicate that valacyclovir is as good as acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster.
We hope that you revise these Topics best with Reference from Standard Textbooks. That will greatly aid you in your Examinations be it MRCP UK Exams in NEET PG Examinations in addition to USMLE STEP 2 Exams.
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